[PDF/EBOOK] The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise Author Darío Fernández-Morera

Darío Fernández-Morera ☆ 9 Download

Rera tells the full story of Islamic Spain The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise shines light on hidden history by drawing on an abundance of primary sources that scholars have ignored as well as archaeological evidence only recently unearthedThis supposed beacon of peaceful coexistence began of course with the Islami. The author DESTROYS the myths by John Esposito and other so called Islamic scholars about how wonderful Spain was supposed to have been under Islamic ruleThis book has so many footnotes that you finish reading the epilogue at 49% through the Kindle versionIf you are tired of the kowtowing to Islam by professors whose jobs are endowed by Saudi Arabia then you should read this book which will give you plenty of ammunition and come backs to their LIES Trial of a Feminizer primary sources that scholars have ignored as well as archaeological evidence only recently unearthedThis supposed beacon of The Breach of Crowns peaceful coexistence began of course with the Islami. The author DESTROYS the myths by John Esposito and other so called Islamic scholars about how wonderful Spain was supposed to have been under Islamic ruleThis book has so many footnotes that you finish reading the epilogue at 49% through the Kindle versionIf you are tired of the kowtowing to Islam by Icebergs professors whose jobs are endowed by Saudi Arabia then you should read this book which will give you The Line plenty of ammunition and come backs to their LIES

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The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise

C Caliphate’s conuest of Spain Far from a land of religious tolerance Islamic Spain was marked by religious and therefore cultural repression in all areas of life and the marginalization of Christians and other groups all this in the service of social control by autocratic rulers and a class of religious authoriti. Please give my review a helpful vote Myth of the Andalusian Paradise by Dario Fernandez MoreraThis is a detailed well supported and highly engaging book The thesis of the author Dario Fernandez Morera is that Spain prior to the Muslim conuest was a civilized society that was conuered by barbarians who thereafter usurped the benefits of the higher civilization and impressed their own repressive social structure on the survivors Fernandez Morera contends that there was no tolerant Muslim civilization in Spain and that this idea and the name Andalusia was concocted by scholars in the 20th century In his epilogue Morera writes But a basic fact is lost in discussions and arguments about the details of the life of the Christian dhimmis of Spain the so called Mozarabs and about how much or how little they benefited from Islamic toleration namely that they were by definition a subaltern group a fourth or fifth class marginalized people in a hierarchical society and that they were the victims of an extortion system the dhimma that gave them the choice that gangsters give to their victims pay to be protected or else Therefore saying that the Christians might be content with their status in Spain Greece or elsewhere under medieval Islamic rule is even preposterous than saying that American blacks might be content with their second class citizenship under the tolerant white hegemony in certain areas of the United States prior to the twentieth century civil rights movement or perhaps even with their treatment by slave owners in the American South before the War of Secession who often made them part of the family 10 In fact as the nomenclature described by the historian Ibn Hayyan of C rdoba indicated Christians were at the bottom of a stratified Islamic world where Arabs occupied the top followed by Berbers then by freed Muslim white slaves and finally by muladis converts who were further divided into first generation converts and the rest 11 And of course Christians again by definition were not part of the Islamic umma but were merely tolerated and protected a word with ominous meaning for anyone familiar with protection rackets as long as they humbly kept their place and paid for said protection in a hegemonic tactic also used by the Muslim Turks during their four hundred year subjugation of Christian GreeceMorera s book is therefore intended as revisionist history and Morera knows that he is attacking a position that has become hallowed by multicultural piety and the sense that there is something amiss in Western culture One of the engaging features of Morera s writing is that he introduces his chapters with uotations from leading scholars that attest to the myth of Andalusian tolerance and then he proceeds to dismantle these fatuous uotes bit by bit with citations and facts There is an interesting feature in Morera s sources He seems to rely on uite a bit of Spanish sources My sense was that most of the Andalusian paradise advocates don t read Spanish and aren t aware of recent research by Spanish historians In addition I suspect that Morera s opponents are indoctrinated in the various Black Legends that depict Spain as perennially backwards and barbaricMorera s first bit of correction is to destroy the idea that everyone referred to Spain under the Muslims as Andalusia The Christian inhabitants referred to the regions occupied by the Muslims as Spain and even the Muslims used the term Spain and not Iberia Morera also takes on the modern apologetic that jihad does not mean military conuest The conuest of Spain was religiously motivated as part of the concept of jihad Modern apologists might downplay the idea of jihad as religious war but the Muslims involved in the conuest and subjugation of Spain were clear Likewise the legal manual Suma de los principales mandamientos y devedamientos de la ley y unna por don I e de Gebir alfau mayor y muft de la aljama de Segovia written in 1492 in aljamiado Spanish written with Arabic signs used by many of the Muslims under Spanish Christian domination examines jihad al chihed only as Holy War and as obligatory for the believer 35 The same is true of the legal manual Leyes de moros written in Spanish and possibly dating from the fourteenth century see the allusion to jihad in 250 The persistence of the understanding of jihad only as Holy War in these works is uite telling because they were written for the use of Muslims already under Christian rule mud jares 26 The Suma makes clear that waging jihad is obligatory for all free Muslim males and that before fighting the infidels one must ask them first either to submit to Islam and pay the jizya or to convert to Islam chapter 35 Morera also undermines the popular notion that the Visigothic kingdom was destined to fall In fact the Visigothic kingdom according to Morera was a nascent civilization that could count social and engineering achievements among its accomplishments It did not fall because it was a moribund civilization but because it was attacked by a powerful outside source at a time when it was beset with its own internal conflicts Among its accomplishments was its legal code Overlooked too is that the Visigothic Code of Law was for its time an impressive document that combined Visigoth practices with Roman law and Christian principles and that evidences a guiding desire to limit the power of government many centuries before Magna Carta The following headings in title 1 of book 2 give an idea of this concern with freedom from tyrannical rule II The Royal Power as well as the Entire Body of the People should be Subject to the Majesty of the Law III It is Permitted to No One to be Ignorant of the Law V How the Avarice of the King should be Restrained Visigothic Spain was filled with substantial works of public construction that relied on engineering skills retained from Rome Likewise Spain was developing its own musical style Islamic Spain took over these skillsAfter laying the foundations Morera addresses the myth of toleration The true story of Islamic Spain is anything but toleration While I was listening to the stories of beheadings and impalements and persecution of Christians and heterodox Muslims I was caused to reflect on ISIS in Syra and Ira and ponder how there could be such similar activities separated by a millennium of time and a continent Morera points out that the situation of women in Islamic Spain was far oppressive than found in Christian Spain Christian women could work and leave their homes and there were female monarchs Not so in Islamic Spain where women were either sex slaves or confined to their homes as wives or daughters Likewise while the condition of Jews may have been better in Islamic Spain than Christian Spain that was due to the traditional tactic of conuerors who support a minority against the larger population Course this preferential treatment created resentment among Muslims and curtailment of preferential treatmentIn terms of tolerance one of the signal facts is simply that Christianity was exterminated in the southern Muslim lands by the time of the Reconuest Dhimmi Christians were induced to convert by the constant state of humiliation imposed on them by the mass beheadings and deportations and by the emigration to the Christian kingdoms of the north Morera writes By the end of the twelfth century as a result of flight or migration to Christian lands expulsions to North Africa executions and conversions the Christian dhimmi population had largely disappeared from al Andalus 9 When Christians entered Granada in 1492 there were no Christian dhimmis in the cityAnd Never mind the lowly status Christian dhimmis and even muladis occupied in Islamic society the harsh restrictions they lived under the extortion and humiliation they suffered through their special taxes the jizya the destruction of their ancient churches as recorded by the monks Eulogius and Alvarus testimonies either ignored by scholars or dismissed as the exaggerations of fanatics 106 or the even harsher punishments Christians faced for violating Islamic laws Those punishments included drastic measures such as ethnic cleansing Christian dhimmis were expelled to North Africa repeatedly from Malaga in 1106 Granada in 1126 and various parts of Islamic Spain in 1138 and 1170107 The punishments also included as we have seen repeatedly executions of the most painful and public forms Such was the spirit of Islamic Spain s convivencia which Norman Roth hails as one of the many things that made Spain great and which the rest of Europe could have learned from it to its profit Moreras arguments are backed up with impressive citations to authorities His writing is very engaging If you like seeing the fatuous nonsense and academic pieties flayed with intelligence and scholarship this is your book

Characters The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise

Scholars journalists and even politicians uphold Muslim ruled medieval Spain “al Andalus” as a multicultural paradise a place where Muslims Christians and Jews lived in harmonyThere is only one problem with this widely accepted account it is a mythIn this book Northwestern University scholar Darío Fernández Mo. Edited on 12920 to add Here book chapter based on the blog post on 7619 to add On the basis of my blog post about this book I was invited to contribute a chapter to a volume on extreme right historiography which is forthcoming and which offers a detailed walk through the materials discussed on the blog in greater detail and depth I ll share a link for the full chapter once it appearsAlthough this book claims to be the lone voice in the wilderness against a pernicious PC myth that has perpetrated scholarship and popular culture it is in fact written by overlooking all scholarship that contradicts is point and by dealing with medieval texts superficially and only in translation Just because the author claims to be revealing some hidden truth doesn t mean that s the case I ve written at some greater length about the book here For better alternatives I d recommend Hugh Kennedy s Muslim Spain and Portugal and LP Harvey s Muslims in Spain


10 thoughts on “The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise

  1. says:

    Fernandez Morera strips away the veil created by politically correct modern historians to look at the real face o

  2. says:

    Edited on 12920 to add Here book chapter based on the blog post on 7619 to add On the basis of my blog post about this book I was invited to contribute a chapter to a volume on extreme right historiography which is forthcoming and w

  3. says:

    A while back I was watching a well known travel show on You Tube about the Andalusian area of Spain Once they started going on and on about wonderful it all supposedly was under Muslim rule I was about ready to p

  4. says:

    The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise Muslims Christians and Jews Under Islamic Rule in Medieval Spain by Dario Fernandez Morera is a polemic against the proponents of La Convivencia The Coexistence the belief that Muslims Christians

  5. says:

    Excellent reading for people with islami phobic tendencies but little of historical value for anyone else The very broad brush taken by the author to paint the Spanish conuest as an Islamic holy war is ridiculous reason when he himself concedes that the very first raids by the Berbers yielded much booty and many beautiful captives which pr

  6. says:

    The author DESTROYS the myths by John Esposito and other so called Islamic scholars about how wonderful Spain was supposed to have been under Islamic ruleThis book has so many footnotes that you finish reading the epilogue at 49% through the Kindle versionIf you are tired of the kowtowing to Islam by professors whose jobs are endowed by Saudi Arabia then you should read this book which will give you plenty of ammunition and come backs to t

  7. says:

    This books re examines and re interprets the depiction of the historical territory of Al Andalus – medieval Spai

  8. says:

    This book is ferociously erudite but tinged with obsession True nearly all modern academic and popular mention of Muslim Spain endorses an ea

  9. says:

    Please give my review a helpful vote Myth of the Andalusian Paradise by Dario Fernandez MoreraThis is a detailed well supported and

  10. says:

    This is a great book that really has me wondering about what passes as scholarship at many of our institutions of higer learning Author Dario

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